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SOUTH SUDAN
Tue, 02/04/2013

South Sudan is the youngest African country, the 193° UN Member Country, the 54° of the African Union. It was born after a long civil war, one of the longest and most devastating of the continent, becoming independent from Sudan on the 9th July 2011.The two long civil wars (the first one from 1955 to 1972 and the second one from 1983 to 2005) left the country in a desperate condition of under development and backwardness, without infrastructures and with the majority of population devoid of the necessary. The Peace Agreement, “Naiyasha Agreement”, signed in 2005, slightly improved the desperate lives conditions of this country, which is still one of the poorest countries in the world, but the ultimate goal of the normalization is still far.After the referendum of February 2011, the country started to build its democratic infrastructures and the 9th July the independence of the country has been proclaimed in the presence of the UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon and many Heads of State, among those even the Sudanese President Omar el Bashir.In December 2013 heavy clashes erupted in Juba and are still on going. The humanitarian situation has worsened dramatically: there are 1.5 million people internally displaced by the conflict since December 2013 and more than 4 million people to be assisted by the end of 2015. INTERSOS is concentrating its interventions in Upper Nile, Unity, Jonglei, Western Equatoria  and Central Equatoria to bring assistance, support and protection to displaced families.

South Sudan is the youngest African country, the 193° UN Member Country, the 54° of the African Union, It was born after a long civil war, one of the longest and most devastating of the continent, when it became indipendent from Sudan, the 9th July 2011.

The two long civil war (the first one from 1955 to 1972 and the second one from 1983 to 2005) left the country in a desasperate condition of undevelopment and backwardness, without infrastructures and with the majority of population devoid of the necessary.The Peace Agreement, “Naiyasha Agreement”, signed in 2005, slightly improved the desperate lives conditions of this country, which is still one of the poorest country in the world, but the ultimate goal of the normalization is still far.

After the referendum of February 2011, the country started to build its democratic infrastructures and the 9th July the indipendence of the country has been proclaimed in the presence of the UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon and many Heads of State, among those even the Sudanese President Omar el Bashir.

 In December 2013 heavy clashes erupted in Juba and  are still ongoing, especially in Upper Nile, Jonglei and UnityThe humanitarian situation has worsened dramatically: there are more than 800,000 displaced people, and 4 million people need humanitarian assistance. INTERSOS is concentrating its interventions in Upper Nile, Unity, Jonglei, Western Equatoria and Central Equatoria to bring assistance, support and protection to displaced families.
 

Context

South Sudan is the youngest African country, the 193° UN Member Country, the 54° of the African Union, It was born after a long civil war, one of the longest and most devastating of the continent, when it became indipendent from Sudan, the 9th July 2011.

The two long civil war (the first one from 1955 to 1972 and the second one from 1983 to 2005) left the country in a desasperate condition of undevelopment and backwardness, without infrastructures and with the majority of population devoid of the necessary.The Peace Agreement, “Naiyasha Agreement”, signed in 2005, slightly improved the desperate lives conditions of this country, which is still one of the poorest country in the world, but the ultimate goal of the normalization is still far.

After the referendum of February 2011, the country started to build its democratic infrastructures and the 9th July the indipendence of the country has been proclaimed in the presence of the UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon and many Heads of State, among those even the Sudanese President Omar el Bashir.

 In December 2013 heavy clashes erupted in Juba and  are still ongoing, especially in Upper Nile, Jonglei and UnityThe humanitarian situation has worsened dramatically: there are more than 800,000 displaced people, and 4 million people need humanitarian assistance. INTERSOS is concentrating its interventions in Upper Nile, Unity, Jonglei, Western Equatoria and Central Equatoria to bring assistance, support and protection to displaced families.

On going intervention

Central Equatoria State
Since December 2013 the outbreak of the conflict caused a huge number of displaced people. In Juba, thousands of people fled to the UNMISS bases to save their lives from violence. Camps are overcrowded and the humanitarian condition is worsening day by day, affecting above all children and women. In this situation, INTERSOS is intervening providing assistance to people living inside the camps. We run activities to promote hygiene among children and adults, in order to avoid epidemics of mortal waterborne diseases as cholera and malaria. INTERSOS is also involved in promoting Education in Emergency activities within the PoCs sites. Our operators work every day within the camps to assist and protect most vulnerable children and women and to guarantee to affected children safe spaces and proper education.   

  Jonglei  State (intervention started in 2006)
Since December 2011, the inter-tribal disputes, the climatic disasters during the rainy season, and the current clashes embroiling rebel militias with the South Sudanese military and cattle keepers shape the emergency situation in Jonglei State with thousands of displaced people. INTERSOS has been active in the state for the past nine years. It is coordinating the emergency response for the distribution of Emergency Shelters and Non-Food Items in Jonglei State and ensuring the right to education for all children affected by emergency, while strengthening protection of vulnerable and conflict-affected women, men and children in Bor and Pibor.Since January 2015 INTERSOS has been particularly focused on the Jonglei area, in particular in hard to reach areas within Ayod, Nyirol, Uror and Akobo, through the partnerships with CHF, Italian Cooperation, UNICEF, UNFPA and UNHCR. The interventions will involve child protection, GBV, WASH and NFIs/ES activities.

 Unity State
As fighting continues in Bentiu, up to 52.000 people are sheltered within the UN base, where we work to provide assistance to the displaced population through the distribution of shelters and emergency kits to people in need. INTERSOS staff runs education projects, intended to guarantee to conflict-affected children safe and protected spaces where they can attend education activities.

 Upper Nile State (intervention started in summer 2011)After inter-ethnic violence erupted in December 2013, more than 18.000 IDPs are currently sheltered inside UNMISS base in Malakal. Here INTERSOS staff carries out education and recreational activities for all emergency-affected children, supporting local teachers with trainings and implementing structures dedicated to education. Also INTERSOS is providing protection and referral services to assure assistance and support to children and young people most at risk.  

 Western Equatoria State (intervention started in 2009)
In Western Equatoria State INTERSOS carries out WASH activities addressed to Internal Displaced People:  promoting hygiene and sanitation involving directly local communities, encouraging communities to construct their own latrines with locally available materials.

Intersos in the country

INTERSOS has been in South Soudan since 2006, when the first operational base opened in Bor, the capital of the Jonglei State.

 Currently INTERSOS central office for South Sudan is based in Juba and has 2 field bases in Jonglei State (Bor and Pibor) since 2006, 2 in Western Equatoria (Yambio and Ezo) since 2009, 1 in Upper Nile State State (Maban) since 2011, 2 in Unity State (Bentiu and Nyeel) since 2011, 1 in Warrap State (Kuajok) since 2011 and 1 in AAA (Agok).

 Since 2009 INTERSOS has been involved in supporting communities through the rehabilitation of education and community services and providing training programs in particular in Jonglei State. In 2010 INTERSOS undertook WASH interventions and farmer field school in Western Equatoria State. In 2011 both Jonglei and Western Equatoria States have been targeted by the INTERSOS interventions for the assistance and protection of IDPs through NFIs distribution, provision of trainings, education and WASH supplies. In 2012 the organization extended the previous interventions to Upper Nile State and Unity State. In addition to the previous areas of intervention, in 2013 the Abey Administrative Area (AAA) and Warrap State have been involved in the INTERSOS activities strengthening protection and GBV knowledge of IDPs, returnees and host communities. Simultaneously INTERSOS continued to ensure the right to education for all children affected by emergency and provide emergency shelter and NFIs in Jonglei, Unity, and Western Equatoria States. In 2014 INTERSOS has been particularly focused in delivering education, protection and both WASH trainings and supplies in Jonglei State, Unity State, Upper Nile State and Central Equatoria State.

 In the framework of the present crisis INTERSOS has immediately intervened in Juba, UN House and Tongping, in NFI and Protection sectors. The operation has been extended also to the PoCs of Bor, Malakal and Bentiu with activities in the field of Protection, both GBV and CP, Education, NFIs/Shelter and WASH. It has established strong partnerships with IOM, UNICEF (of which INTERSOS is implementing partner), WFP, UNOCHA, UNMISS and collaborates closely with other INGOs in the field. During these years INTERSOS has not only focused on the South Sudanese emergency context, but also on conducting trainings and organizing campaigns aimed at the empowerment of the beneficiary populations.    

 Starting from January 2015 INTERSOS is expanding and extending its operations in Jonglei State covering some of the payam in the counties of Ayod, Nyirol, Uror and Akobo, where the highest concentration of IDPs has been recorded, through the partnerships with CHF, Italian Cooperation, UNFPA and UNHCR. The interventions will cover child protection, GBV, WASH and NFIs/ES sectors.

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